There are different methods are available for pulp washing such as rotary vacuum washer, rotary pressure washer, pressure and atmospheric diffusion washers, horizontal belt washer and dilution/extraction equipment. Among them the rotary vacuum washer method is well-known to paper Read more
Sulfate or Kraft pulp is one of the chemical pulping processes. It is manufactured by alkaline method. Kraft pulping process is the dominating pulp manufacturing process in the world. Today this process is most widely used with a production of 70-80% of the total Pulp.
Raw Read more
What is the tensile strength of paper?
The tensile strength is the maximum stress to break a strip of paper sheet. It is one of the most important basic physical properties of paper and paperboard. The tensile strength is different basis on fiber direction. Since the fiber orientation is Read more
What is the tear strength of paper?
The tear strength of paper means the resistance of a paper sheet to tearing force that it is subjected to. It is another important basic physical property of paper and paperboard. It is measured in both machine direction (MD) & cross direction (CD) and Read more
The caliper or thickness is one of the important basic physical properties of paper and paperboard. It is depends on refined stock, category of fiber, dryer temperature, load on press section and calendars, moister content, filler etc for a given basis weight. Thickness is related to bulk or Read more
The basis weight or grammage is basic physical property of paper and paperboard. The Basis weight of paper is calculating by the weight per unit area. It is mainly expressed as GSM (grams per square meter) and pounds per ream (500 sheets) of a specific size. It is also expressed in kg/m2, pounds Read more
The Canadian Standard Freeness is worldwide used for determination of the drainability of a dilute pulp suspensions of wet section in Read more
The pulp freeness or slowness tester are extremely sensitive apparatus while applied effectively. Freeness of pulp is a measure of precisely how rapidly water can drain from a diluted fiber furnishes suspension. Drainage rate is related to the surface conditions and swelling of the fibers. On Read more
Paper forming consists essentially of removing water from a dilute suspension of fiber and other materials by filtration, leaving the solids in form of a coherent sheet. Clearly, the rate and separation effectiveness of this water removal from paper fiber webs is significant to the economy of the Read more
Showers are used in paper machine mainly cleaning purpose. It is also used for coating, moisturizing, lubricating, bleaching, edge trimming and other functions. All the section in paper machine needs shower. Wire cloth should be free from contaminants in order to keep sufficient open area for Read more