How to increase the caliper of the paper

The caliper or thickness is one of the important basic physical properties of paper and paperboard. It is depends on refined stock, category of fiber, dryer temperature, load on press section and calendars, moister content, filler etc for a given basis weight. Thickness is related to Read more

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Basis Weight of paper

The basis weight or grammage is basic physical property of paper and paperboard. The Basis weight of paper is calculating by the weight per unit area. It is mainly expressed as GSM (grams per square meter) and pounds per ream (500 sheets) of a specific size. It is also expressed in Read more

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Canadian Standard Freeness Tester

The Canadian Standard Freeness is worldwide used for determination of the drainability of a dilute pulp suspensions of wet section in Read more

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Pulp freeness tester

The pulp freeness or slowness tester are extremely sensitive apparatus while applied effectively. Freeness of pulp is a measure of precisely how rapidly water can drain from a diluted fiber furnishes suspension. Drainage rate is related to the surface conditions and swelling of the fibers. On Read more

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Water removal from paper fiber webs

Paper forming consists essentially of removing water from a dilute suspension of fiber and other materials by filtration, leaving the solids in form of a coherent sheet. Clearly, the rate and separation effectiveness of this water removal from paper fiber webs is significant to the economy of the Read more

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Paper machine showers

Showers are used in paper machine mainly cleaning purpose. It is also used for coating, moisturizing, lubricating, bleaching, edge trimming and other functions. All the section in paper machine needs shower. Wire cloth should be free from contaminants in order to keep sufficient open area for Read more

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Pulper

Pulper is used in different work place but in this topic we discuss about the pulper which is used in paper industries. It is called the heart of the repulping operation. Paper pulper is used for crushing virgin pulp (slabs or sheets), wastepaper processing, machine broke, deinking and pulp Read more

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Rosin sizing agent

Rosin is acidic type sizing agent. In paper mill usually it is used as internal sizing agent. Rosin and its derivatives are cheap to produce and produced from regenerative raw materials. Hence these sizing agents are still a good number widely used of all wet-end sizing agents. Another source of Read more

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ASA sizing agent

Alkenyl Succinic Anhydride (ASA) is basic or neutral type sizing agent. It is wax like chemicals. ASA is used as internal sizing chemicals for paper. Structurally, it is unsaturated linear chain having five-membered anhydride ring and it is synthesized from Alfa-olefins and maleic anhydride. The Read more

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AKD sizing agent

Alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) is most common neutral/ alkaline sizing agent. It is an Internal sizing agents. Structurally, it is unsaturated lactones and it is synthesized from fatty acids. Physically it is waxy like milky emulsion chemicals. The waxy solid tiny particles (0.5–2 mm) are dispersed Read more

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